What is Carpet?

What is Carpet?

A carpet is a type of textile floor covering that generally has an upper layer of pile linked to a backing. Traditionally, the pile was formed of wool, but during the twentieth century, synthetic fibers like as polypropylene, nylon, or polyester have been commonly utilized since they are less expensive than wool. The pile is often made up of twisted tufts that are heat-treated to keep their structure. The terms carpet and rug are frequently used interchangeably, however rugs are traditionally regarded to be smaller than a room and not fastened to the floor.

Carpets serve a variety of functions, including insulating a person’s feet from a cold tile or concrete floor, making a room more comfortable as a place to sit on the floor (e.g., when playing with children or as a prayer rug), reducing sound from walking (particularly in apartment buildings), and adding decoration or color to a room. Carpets may be manufactured in any hue by utilizing variously colored fibers. The surface of a carpet can be decorated with a variety of designs and themes. Carpets are utilized in industrial and commercial settings such as retail stores and hotels, as well as in residential residences. Today, a wide variety of carpets and rugs are available at various price and quality levels, ranging from low-cost, factory-produced synthetic carpets used in commercial buildings to high-priced hand-knotted wool rugs used in private residences.

Carpets can be woven on looms in a manner similar to woven fabric, needle felted, knotted by hand (as in oriental rugs), tufted, flatwoven, manufactured by hooking wool or cotton through the meshes of a durable fabric, or embroidered. Carpet is often manufactured in widths of 12 feet (3.7 m) and 15 feet (4.6 m) in the United States, as well as 4 m (13 ft) and 5 m (16 ft) in Europe. Different widths of carpet can be seamed together with a seaming iron and seam tape (formerly it was sewn together) and fixed to a floor over a cushioned underlay (pad) using nails, tack strips (known in the UK as gripper rods), adhesives, or occasionally decorative metal stair rods where necessary for wall-to-wall carpet. Wall-to-wall carpet differs from rugs or mats, which are loose-laid floor coverings, in that it is attached to the floor and covers a significantly wider area.

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